- Codes of conduct
- ACTING IN DIFFERENT CRISIS SITUATIONS
- Chemical accident
ACTING IN DIFFERENT CRISIS SITUATIONS
- AVOID CONTACT WITH DANGEROUS CHEMICALS!
- PROTECT YOUR RESPIRATORY TRACT!
- SHELTER INDOORS!
- FOLLOW OFFICIAL INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN THROUGH THE MEDIA!
- You can smell the chemicals or feel unwell, which may be related to chemicals.
- You see a dangerous vehicle involved in an accident.
- You hear the sirens at a dangerous enterprise activate.
- You see people lying on the ground.
How to prepare for a chemical accident
- Determine whether your home and the places where your family members stay on a daily basis (workplace, school, etc.) fall within the danger area of a dangerous enterprise.
- Examine the safety advice and recommendations published by the dangerous enterprise.
- Find out the meaning of sirens used by the dangerous enterprise.
- Make preparations at home to shelter indoors in the event of a chemical accident. (See Chapter “Sheltering Indoors”).
- Examine the danger labels of dangerous chemicals and cargo to be able to recognise the chemical accidents.
- Examine the map of dangerous enterprises: geoportaal.maaamet.ee/est/Kaardiserver-p2.html.
- Examine the meaning of sirens of dangerous enterprises: See Chapter “Warning Message”.
- Examine the danger labels of dangerous chemicals: www.tarbijakaitseamet.ee/sites/default/files/ettevotjale/ohutus/echa_clp_leaflet_et.pdf.
How to act in case of a chemical accident
- Avoid any contact with any loose chemicals.
- Protect your respiratory tract, covering your mouth and nose with a wet cloth.
- When driving a car, close the windows and switch off the ventilation. Switch the air conditioning to internal air recirculation mode.
- If the site of the accident is known or clearly visible, move away from it perpendicular to the direction of the wind.
- Shelter quickly in the nearest room inside, while avoiding the building from which the chemicals are leaking. (See Chapter “Sheltering Indoors”).
- Stay indoors, but do not remain in the building from which chemicals are leaking.
- It is advisable to shelter on the upper floors. Several dangerous chemicals may accumulate especially in lower areas, incl. in the basement.
- Close doors and windows, shut off the ventilation and dampers to the chimney to make sure that ambient air cannot get inside.
- Do not use an open flame and do not smoke. Chemicals can be flammable and explosive.
- Follow the official warning messages from reliable information channels and the code of conduct.
- Stay inside until you get a notice that the danger has passed.
- Be prepared to evacuate upon receiving an official order. (See Chapter “Evacuation”). Assemble the essential items you will need.
- In case of health problems caused by spreading of chemicals, call the emergency number 112.