- Codes of conduct
- PREPARING FOR CRISIS SITUATIONS
Useful supplies and equipment at home
PREPARING FOR CRISIS SITUATIONS
- BE AWARE OF THE IMPACT OF POSSIBLE CRISIS SITUATIONS ON YOUR EVERYDAY LIFE!
- CONSIDER THE URGENT NEEDS OF YOUR FAMILY!
- BE PREPARED TO COPE INDEPENDENTLY FOR A WEEK!
How to plan and keep your domestic reserves
- Determine which tools and reserves your family needs to cope independently for one week. Take into consideration the possibility that due to a crisis situation you cannot leave home, goods are not available at shops, and other vital services are not functioning (electricity, water supply, etc.)
- Think about where and how to store your stockpile to ensure that it can be easily accessed by you and your family.
- It is advisable to pack supplies that are not used every day in a separate bag (See Chapter “Evacuation”). It is reasonable to keep some of the supplies necessary for evacuation in your car, such as a mobile charger, road map, snow shovel.
- Update your supplies regularly.
- When stocking-piling any combustible material (such as liquid fuel, gas, firewood), follow the fire safety regulations and conditions for their storage.
What should you stockpile at home
- If you are not able to use the central domestic water in the event of a disruption to the water supply, store drinking water in the amount of at least 2 litres per person per day and water for cooking in the amount of 1 litre per person per day.
- Keep the drinking water in a sealed glass or plastic package in a cool and dark room.
- For drinking water bought in a sealed package, follow the storage times.
- If you get a notice of water disruption in advance, store tap water in a clean and sealable container. You may keep it in a cool and dark place for up to one week.
- Keep at least a one-week food supply for your family at home.
- When storing food, take into consideration the special needs of all family members (allergy, food intolerance, food for small children, etc.).
- Store food that allows for a varied diet. Make sure that the food supply contains enough carbohydrates, fat, proteins and fibres.
- Make sure that half of the food supply does not need any preparation (canned food, crackers, biscuits, nuts, dried fruit, muesli bars, sweets, etc.).
- Stockpile food products that can be kept at room temperature. Favour food that can be stored for at least six months.
- Keep the reserves in a dry place. Make sure that the packages of reserves are strong and moisture proof.
FIRST AID SUPPLIES AND MEDICINES
- Keep first aid supplies and such medicines at home, which you know how to use.
- Fill multiple prescriptions for drugs or other regularly used medicines, so that you have at a least one-week stockpile at home.
- Stockpile medicines at home that you might need in case of sudden illness (such as painkillers, antipyretics, drugs for digestive problems, drugs for cold and allergy, burn care products).
- Check the expiry dates of medicines on a regular basis and, if necessary, replace them with newer ones.
- Soap, wet wipes, sanitizers
- Toilet and kitchen paper
- Large garbage bags with a capacity of 50 l
- Other personal hygiene preparations pursuant to the needs of family members
POWER BANK FOR CHARGING MOBILE DEVICES
- Power bank, keep it charged.
- If possible, buy a solar-powered power bank or a charger with a crank.
- In a crisis situation, use the power bank only if you cannot charge the devices with electricity.
- Battery-powered radio and spare batteries for multiple use. Also, a solar battery or dynamo powered radio fits.
- Check on a regular basis the expiry dates of spare batteries and, if necessary, replace them with newer ones.
- Do not keep batteries inside the radio, if not used regularly.
MATCHES AND CANDLES
- Candles and matches for multiple use
- Candle lantern, gas burner, camping stove or outdoors grill device, which can be used for giving light as well as heat or cooking
- Only purchase those items that are suitable for use at home.
FLASHLIGHT AND SPARE BATTERIES
- Flashlight and spare batteries for multiple use. Also, a solar battery or dynamo powered flashlight fits.
- Battery-powered lamp or lantern, which can be used as flood lamp.
TOOLS AND CUTLERY
- Can opener
- Disposable dishes
- Pocket knife
- Tape and film
- Mask for the protection of respiratory (such as dust mask)
- Cash to cover the family needs for one week
- Fire extinguisher and blanket
- Pet food
- Car fuel (keep the fuel tank always at least half-full)
- Other reserves and supplies, which are necessary for the family
- In a crisis situation every person must get 1900 kcal of energy per day and children up to 2 years of age 1000 kcal per day.
- The body’s need for water is 28–35 ml per each kg of body weight.
- It is recommended that the following food be stockpiled for an adult:
- different canned food (fish, meat, mixed and leguminous canned food);
- instant soups, instant purees, and cereals, which are easy to prepare;
- ready to eat pasta, vegetable, cereal or leguminous dishes with meat, which can be also consumed without being heated up;
- cereal (crispbread, salty or neutral cracker);
- food rich in carbohydrates (biscuits, caramel, canned fruits, dried fruits, halva, honey, condensed milk).
- View the recommendations given on the website of the Ministry of Rural Affairs on how to stockpile food for a crisis situation, by searching on the Internet for the keywords “Maaeluministeerium” (Ministry of Rural Affairs) and “kriisireguleerimine” (crisis management).